Compass Rose

16 Point Compass Rose

Nothing to do with "The Cruel Sea".


The four main points of the compass are the Cardinal Points - (N)orth - (E)ast - (S)outh - (W)est

Between the cardinal points are the Half Cardinal Points of the compass, NE, SE, SW, NW.

Directions dividing cardinal and half cardinal points are called False Points; NNE, ENE, ESE, SSE, SSW, WSW, WNW, NNW.

Directions can further be divided into the by points, eg NbyE, SWbyS resulting in a 32 point compass rose.

Reciting the 32 points of the compass in order is known as 'boxing the compass'.

3216Compass pointAbbr.True heading
11 North N 0.00°
2  North by east NbE 11.25°
32 North-northeast NNE 22.50°
4  Northeast by north NEbN 33.75°
53 Northeast NE 45.00°
6  Northeast by east NEbE 56.25°
74 East-northeast ENE 67.50°
8  East by north EbN 78.75°
95 East E 90.00°
10  East by south EbS 101.25°
116 East-southeast ESE 112.50°
12  Southeast by east SEbE 123.75°
137 Southeast SE 135.00°
14  Southeast by south SEbS 146.25°
158 South-southeast SSE 157.50°
16  South by east SbE 168.75°
179 South S 180.00°
18  South by west SbW 191.25°
1910 South-southwest SSW 202.50°
20  Southwest by south SWbS 213.75°
2111 Southwest SW 225.00°
22  Southwest by west SWbW 236.25°
2312 West-southwest WSW 247.50°
24  West by south WbS 258.75°
2513 West W 270.00°
26  West by north WbN 281.25°
2714 West-northwest WNW 292.50°
28  Northwest by west NWbW 303.75°
2915 Northwest NW 315.00°
30  Northwest by north NWbN 326.25°
3116 North-northwest NNW 337.50°
32  North by west NbW 348.75°